Scots in the American West 1790 - 1917

Discussion in 'Anthropology' started by Pangloss, 14 March 2018.

  1. Pangloss

    Pangloss Senior Member

    In 1964 the principal chief of the Creek Nation of Oklahoma, who boasted the surname McIntosh, attended the annual gathering of his clan in the Highlands. To everyone’s surprise, he appeared in full Native regalia. The Plains Indian headdress, beaded shirt, and moccasins contrasted sharply with the kilts, sporrans, and dirks. To a bagpipe audience, he explained his pride in his dual Creek-Scottish ancestry.

    The story of these Scoto-Indians is a fascinating one. Like their French and Spanish counterparts, the Scots fur traders arrived in the West largely as single men. Like the other Europeans, they soon aligned with Native women, usually "in the fashion of the country." As historian Sylvia Van Kirk has noted, this form of "country marriage" facilitated trade because the Native wives usually taught their husbands the tribal language. The Montreal-based North West Company actively encouraged this policy, whereas the HBC discouraged it, because of expense, until the 1 820s. Eventually, however, all the fur-trade enterprises acknowledged the key role that Native wives played in their operations.

    In Indian country these unions were considered as binding as Christian church ceremonies. Later, however, if a trader returned to Britain, he often "turned off’ his country wife to her family, although he usually maintained a minimum of economic responsibility for her and the children. For example, Sir George Simpson, head of the Athabasca District of the HBC and one of Canada’s most powerful figures, left his country wife to marry his cousin in London in 1830.1. G. Mactavish, head of York factory for most of the 1820s, William Conolly, chief factor in charge of New Caledonia, and countless other Scots followed along similar paths. The same situation occurred in the South Atlantic region. One scholar has estimated that in late eighteenth- to early nineteenth-century Georgia, Indian women raised about four hundred mixed-blood offspring by themselves.

    But not all Scots fur traders left their Native consorts. Alexander Ross remained devoted to his Indian wife, as did Angus McDonald, Donald A. Smith, John McLoughlin, and a number of others who stayed with their Native or mixed-blood women for life. Whichever arrangement prevailed, however, the end result was to produce a number of Scoto-Indians.

    http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/american_indians.htm
     
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  2. Plantagenet

    Plantagenet Heroic Member

    Can't say I agree with miscegenation but on the topic it is interesting to note what Evola had to say in regards to some of the American Indians:

    The red Indians were proud races with their own style, their own dignity, sensibility and forms of religiosity; not without justification, a traditionalist writer, F. Schuon, spoke of the presence in their being, of something “aquiline and solar."

    Evola speaking elsewhere on his "solar race":

    We have to consider the “solar” race as being superior to and having preceded all other races. The solar, or Olympic-solar race, which corresponds to the Hyperborean tradition and line, has the characteristic of a “natural supernaturality.”

    That such a solar Hyperborean tradition was present among the Celts is mentioned by Guenon:

    AMONGST the Celts, the wild boar and the bear symbolise respectively spiritual authority and temporal power, that is to say, the two castes of the Druids and Knights, the equivalents, at least originally and in their essential attributes, of the Brahmins and the Kshatriyas. This symbolism in origin clearly Hyperborean, is one of the marks of the direct connection between the Celtic tradition and the primordial tradition of the present Mahayuga (cycle of four "yugas" or ages) whatever other elements from previous but already secondary and derivative traditions may have come to be added to this main current and be, as it were, reabsorbed into it. The point to be made here is that the Celtic tradition could well be regarded as constituting one of the "links" between the Atlantean and Hyperborean traditions, after the end of the secondary period when this Atlantean tradition represented the predominant form and became the "substitute" for the original centre which was already inaccessible to the bulk of humanity.

    Interesting to combine such data with the traditional "saffron" leine or Gaelic clothing:

    The colour green has only been associated with Ireland since the 1800's. Before that, for more than a thousand years, the colour of Ireland was yellow. The ancient Irish believed that the colour yellow reflected the colour of the sun and the sun was a symbol of 'life' to them.

    No surprise considering this national Gaelic symbol (of the Fianna):

    https://ansionnachfionn.com/seanchas-mythology/an-gal-greine/
     
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  3. Coram Satanae

    Coram Satanae Member

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