I'm currently reading the sacred and the profane by Mircea Eliade, and he says something very interesting regarding the notion of sacred Time. Basically, his idea is that in cultures more connected to spirituality, the beginning of a new year marks the beginning of a new purified world, meaning that every new year, trough the use of rites, these cultures reenact the creation of the world by the gods. This means that every new year the people of the culture are also "purified" and have their "sins" cleansed. He then says that the conception of the four ages and the yugas is pessimistic, since it leads humanity to be in constant decay and on the path towards destruction, and that it´s created when religious elites lose their connection with the more primal religion. While I've found the book very insightful, i really can't agree with this. I could accept his conception if humanity lived forever like in the golden age, being in tune with the divine and spiritual truths. What happens though, is that those spiritual truths are forgotten and the efficacy of the rites is lost, which means that the cosmos isn't "renewed" every year but that it simply keeps becoming more chaotic, and the faults and "sins" of the people keep adding up. Thus there is gradual decline, leading to the conception of the yugas. We can also see the same cycles on a civilization cycle, like Oswald Spengler showed, so it makes sense that the cosmos would also work the same way. Something that i´ve also noted regarding him, is that he has a lot of admiration for more primitive cultures and tribes, native american and Polynesians for example, instead of mentioning more examples from pagan Europe or some of the great religions like hinduism, buddhism or islam. Is this a constant through out his work and might it affect some of his ideas, or am i just giving it to much attention.